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See Subscriber Charts: Internet Subs by Physical Network

"Broadband technologies are currently being deployed by the private sector throughout the United States. According to the latest FCC data on the deployment of high-speed Internet connections (released July 7, 2005), as of December 31, 2004, there were 37.9 million high peed lines connecting homes and businesses to the Internet in the United States, a growth rate of 17% during the second half of 2004. Of the 37.9 million high speed lines reported by the FCC, 35.3 million serve homes and small businesses. The FCC found at least one high speed subscriber in 95% of all zip codes in the United States. While the broadband adoption rate stands at approximately 35% of U.S. households, broadband availability is much higher. The FCC estimates that roughly 20 percent of consumers with access to advanced telecommunications capability actually subscribe. According to the FCC, possible reasons for the gap between broadband availability and subscribership include the lack of computers in some homes, price of broadband service, lack of content, and the availability of broadband at work.

"According to the International Telecommunications Union, the U.S. ranks 16th worldwide in broadband penetration (subscriptions per 100 inhabitants as of December 2004). Similarly, data from the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) found the U.S. ranking 12th among OECD nations in broadband access per 100 inhabitants as of December 2004. By contrast, in 2001 an OECD study found the U.S. ranking 4th in broadband subscribership per 100 inhabitants (after Korea, Sweden, and Canada)".- Broadband Internet Regulation and Access: Background and Issues, CRS p. 5 Jan. 26, 2006 OpenCRS

Laws

Reports

Country Broadband
Households
(in thousands)
Broadband As 
% if Total 
Households
Internet
Households
(in thousands)
Internet As
% Of total
Households
United States 11,200 10.4 56,376 52.3
South Korea 7500 51.7 8265 57.0
Japan 2570 5.8 21497 48.2
Canada 2300 19.7 6505 55.6
Germany 2090 5.4 14,858 39.1
Taiwan 112 18.2 2604 42.0
France 605 2.5 7448 30.4
Netherlands 550 8.1 4196 61.7
Hong Kong 545 26.0 1241 59.1
Sweden 542 13.4 2546 62.1

ITU

International Broadband Rankings

Subs per 100 Inhabitants

G7 Countries 4Q01 OECD
ITU 2002
Dec. 2002 OECD XLS
Dec. 2003 OECD XLS
ITU 2004
Dec. 2004 OECD XLS
ITU Jan 2005
Dec. 2005 OECD XLS
ITU Jan 2006
Dec. 2006 OECD XLS
Dec. 2007 OECD XLS
ITIF Composite Score 2007
CAN 8.8 KOR 21.3 KOR 21.8 KOR 24.2 KOR 24.8 KOR 24.8 KOR 24.9 ICE 26.4 ICE DNK 31.8 DNK 35.1 KOR 16.0
USA 4.3 HKG 14.6 CAN 12.1 CAN 15.1 HKG 21.9 NLD 19.0 HKG 20.9 KOR 25.3 KOR NLD 31.8 NLD 34.8 JPN 15.1
GER 2.3 CAN 11.5 BEL 8.7 ICE 14.3 NLD 19.8 DEN 19.0 NLD 19.4 NLD 25.22 NLD KOR 29.1 ISL 32.2 FIN 12.2
JPN 2.2 TWN 9.4 ICE 8.5 DEN 13.1 DEN 18.9 ICE 18.2 DEN 19.3

DEN 24.9

DEN ICE 28.8 NOR 31.2 NLD 11.8
EU 1.5 ICE 8.6 DEN 8.3 NLD 11.8 ICE 18.4 CHE 17.6 CAN 17.6 CHE 23.8 HKG CHE28.3 CHE 31.0 FRA 11.6
FRA 1.0 DEN 8.6 SWE 8.2 BEL 11.7 CAN 17.1 CAN 17.6 CHE 17.0 FIN 22.4 CHE NOR 27.4 FIN 30.7 SWE 11.5
ITA 0.7 BEL 8.4 NET 7.0 SWE 11.0 TWN 16.5 BEL 15.5 TWN 16.3 NOR 21.8 FIN FIN 27.1 KOR 30.5 DEN 11.4
UK 0.6 SWE 7.7 USA 6.7 JPN 10.7 CHE 16.4 JPN 15.0 BEL 16.0 CAN 20.7 NOR SWE 27.1 SWE 30.3 ICE 11.2
  AUT 6.6 JPN 6.1 CHE 10.5 BEL 15.6 FIN 14.9 ICE 15.5 SWE 20.2 CAN CAN 23.6 LUX 26.7 NOR 11.1
  NLD 6.5 CHE 5.6 USA 9.5 FIN 15.3 NOR 14.8 SWE 15.1 BEL 18.1 SWE BEL 22.3 CAN 26.6 CHE 10.8
  USA 6.5 AUT 5.6 FIN 9.5 JPN 15.3 SWE 14.8 NOR 15.0 JPN 17.6 TWN UK 21.5 UK 25.8 CAN 10.6
  CHE 6.3 FIN 5.5 NOR 8.0 NOR 14.9 USA 12.7 ISR 14.3 UK 16.3 BEL USA 20.2 BEL 25.7 AUS 10.5
  JPN 6.1 NOR 4.2 AUT 7.6 ISR 14.0 AUT 10.6 JPN 14.1 USA 16.2 ISR JPN 20.2 FRA 24.6 UK 10.3
  SGP 5.5 GER 4.0 FRA 5.9 SWE 13.7 FRA 10.5 FIN 12.8 FRA 15.1 JPN FRA 20.1 GER 23.8 LUX 10.3
  FIN 5.3 ESP 3.0 GER 5.6 LIE 13.7 UK 10.4 SGP 11.6 LUX 14.5 USA LUX 19.7 USA 23.3 USA 10.25
    FRA 2.8 ESP 5.4 USA 12.8 LUX 9.6 USA 11.4 AUT 14.3   AUS 19.0 AUS 23.3 GER 10.2
    PRT 2.5 UK 5.4 UK 11.9 GER 8.4 FRA 11.2 AUS 13.6   AUT 17.2 JPN 22.1 BEL 10.2
    UK 2.3 PRT 4.8 SGP 11.9 PRT 8.2 UK 10.3 GER 13.0   GER 17.1 AUT 19.6 PRT 10.2
    AUS 1.8 ITA 4.1 FRA 11.2 ITA 8.1 AUT 10.1 ITA 11.8   ESP 15.1 NZ 18.3 NZ 9.7
    ITA 1.7 AUS 3.5 AUT 10 ESP 8.1 PRT 8.5 ESP 11.5   ITA 14.3 IRE 18.1 ESP 9.7

Other Rankings

Subs millions Dec. 2007 OECD XLS
ITIF Lowest Monthly Price per Mbps 2007 ITIF Ave download speed Mbps
USA 70 JPN 0.13 JPN 63.6
JPN 28 KOR 0.37 KOR 49.5
GER 20 FRA 0.33 FIN 21.7
UK 16 SWE 0.35 FRA 17.6
FRA 16 FIN 0.42 SWE 16.8
KOR 15 AUS 0.94 NLD 8.8
ITA 10 NZ 1.05 PRT 8.1
CAN 9 GER 1.10 POL 7.9
SPA 8 PRT 1.24 NOR 7.7
NLD 6 UK 1.24 CAN 7.6
AUS 5 GRE 1.41 AUT 7.2
MEX 5 DEN 1.65 BEL 6.3
TUR 4 LUX 1.85 ICE 6.1
POL 3 NLD 1.9 GER 6.0
SWE 3 ITA 1.97 USA 4.9
BEL 3 ESP 2.27 DEN 4.6
CHE 2 NOR 2.74 ITA 4.2
DNK 2 USA 2.83 SLO 3.5
AUT 2 CHE 3.4 HUN 3.3
FIN 2 BEL 3.58 LUX 3.1

FCC Proceeding

Comment Sought On International Comparison And Consumer Survey Requirements In The Broadband Data Improvement Act GN Docket No. 09-47

  • Comment Date: April 10, 2009
  • Reply Comment Date: April 17, 2009
  • In this Public Notice, we seek comment on how the Commission should implement sections 103(b) and 103(c)(1) of the Broadband Data Improvement Act (BDIA). These sections impose new broadband data collection and reporting obligations on the Commission by requiring the Commission to include an international comparison in its annual broadband report and to conduct a consumer survey of broadband service capability.

    Specifically, s ection 103(b) of the BDIA provides:

    (b) INTERNATIONAL COMPARISON.-

    (1) IN GENERAL.-As part of the assessment and report required by section 706 of the Telecommunications Act of 1996 (47 U.S.C. 157 note), the Federal Communications Commission shall include information comparing the extent of broadband service capability (including data transmission speeds and price for broadband service capability) in a total of 75 communities in at least 25 countries abroad for each of the data rate benchmarks for broadband service utilized by the Commission to reflect different speed tiers.

    (2) CONTENTS.-The Commission shall choose communities for the comparison under this subsection in a manner that will offer, to the extent possible, communities of a population size, population density, topography, and demographic profile that are comparable to the population size, population density, topography, and demographic profile of the various communities within the United States. The Commission shall include in the comparison under this subsection-

    (A) a geographically diverse selection of countries; and

    (B) communities including the capital cities of such countries.

    (3) SIMILARITIES AND DIFFERENCES.-The Commission shall identify relevant similarities and differences in each community, including their market structures, the number of competitors, the number of facilities-based providers, the types of technologies deployed by such providers, the applications and services those technologies enable, the regulatory model under which broadband service capability is provided, the types of applications and services used, business and residential use of such services, and other media available to consumers.

    The Commission invites parties to comment on how the Commission can effectively implement the international comparison of broadband service capability, including speeds and prices, required by section 103(b). We seek comment on the criteria in section 103(b)(2) for the identification and selection of the communities to be included in the survey. We seek comment on the enumerated indicators in section 103(b)(3) for the identification of "relevant similarities and differences in each community" as well as any additional indicators that commenters seek to propose. We also seek comment on all possible sources of data that the Commission should examine in the course of implementing this section of the BDIA. Finally, we seek comment on any other factors or issues the Commission should consider in implementing section 103(b) of the BDIA.

    Section 103(c)(1) of the BDIA provides:

    (c) CONSUMER SURVEY OF BROADBAND SERVICE CAPABILITY.-

    (1) IN GENERAL.-For the purpose of evaluating, on a statistically significant basis, the national characteristics of the use of broadband service capability, the Commission shall conduct and make public periodic surveys of consumers in urban, suburban, and rural areas in the large business, small business, and residential consumer markets to determine-

    (A) the types of technology used to provide the broadband service capability to which consumers subscribe;

    (B) the amounts consumers pay per month for such capability;

    (C) the actual data transmission speeds of such capability;

    (D) the types of applications and services consumers most frequently use in conjunction with such capability;

    (E) for consumers who have declined to subscribe to broadband service capability, the reasons given by such consumers for declining such capability;

    (F) other sources of broadband service capability which consumers regularly use or on which they rely; and

    (G) any other information the Commission deems appropriate for such purpose.

    The Commission invites parties to comment on how the Commission can effectively implement the survey requirements in section 103(c)(1), including any factors or issues the Commission should consider as part of this implementation.

    Broadband Data Improvement Act of 2008, Pub. L. No. 110-385, 122 Stat. 4097 (codified at 47 U.S.C. §§ 1301-04).

    BDIA § 103(b); 47 U.S.C. § 1303(b).

    BDIA § 103(c)(1); 47 U.S.C. § 1303(c)(1).

    We recognize that, while the Commission previously raised related issues of whether and how the Commission should undertake broadband customer surveys in a pending proceeding, the BDIA mandates that we conduct and publish such a survey. See Development of Nationwide Broadband Data to Evaluate Reasonable and Timely Deployment of Advanced Services to All Americans, Improvement of Wireless Broadband Subscribership Data, and Development of Data on Interconnected Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) Subscribership , WC Docket No. 07-38, Report and Order and Further Notice of Proposed Rulemaking, 23 FCC Rcd 9691, 9712, para. 40 (2008).

    Released:  03/31/2009.  COMMENT SOUGHT ON INTERNATIONAL COMPARISON AND CONSUMER SURVEY REQUIREMENTS IN THE BROADBAND DATA IMPROVEMENT ACT. (DA No.  09-741). (Dkt No 09-47). Comments Due:  04/10/2009. Reply Comments
    Due:  04/17/2009.  WCB. Contact:  Randy Clarke or Jeremy Miller at 0940 pdf Word TXTx

    Analysis and Criticism of Internet Rankings and Statistics

    News

    Broadband Adoption By Service by Percentage

    NB: Some surveys contrast all types of Internet access (including dial up), some only contrast DSL to Cable.

    -
  • The 2007 Digital Economy Fact Book, Progress and Freedom Foundation p. 17 (Dec. 2007) ( PDF )
  • Vermont Telecommunications Plan, Sept 2004 p. 4-29 (Vermont Residents)
  • Cable represented 75.3% of advanced service lines, ADSL represented 14.9%, and other technologies represented 9.8% in December 2003. The relative position of cable and ADSL was 56% and 16.8% in June 2001. Cable represented 58% of high speed lines, with ADSL representing 34% as of year-end 2003. Pew Internet Project reported in April 2004 that 42% of broadband users at home connected via DSL, compared to 28% a year previously. [p.30] [p.29] FCC Fourth Sec. 706 Report (Sept. 2004)
  • Plan to Adopt Soon

    Vermont Residents Likely to Upgrade to faster Internet connection in the next year: Yes 23% : No 67% Dont Know 10%. Vermont Residents without home Internet access likely to acquire it in the next year: Yes 23%: No 69% : Dont Know 7% : Refused 1%.Vermont Telecommunications Plan, Sept 2004 p. 4-27

    Demographics

    Broadband by Location

    Broadband at Home

    Refusniks

    Percent of Non Users 2000 2001 2002
    No Computer 37.7 25.5 28.5
    No Interest 33.3 21.4 23
    Dont Know How 18.9 6.9 15.4
    Too Expensive 9.1 2.6 9.6
    Fear of Tech 4.2 5.6 2.6
    Privacy Security Concerns 2.9 1.6 0.8
    Not Appropriate for Kids 1.9 0.8 1.4
    Computer Not Good Enuf 1.4 1.2 3.4
    Consumes too much time 0 1.6 3.6

    Availability

    Price Per Bit

    Value of Bits: Cost Per Megabyte of Various Services

    Service Typical Monthly Bill Revenue Per MB
    Cable
    $40
    $0.00012
    Broadband Internet
    $50
    $0.025
    Phone
    $70
    $0.08
    Dial Up Internet
    $20
    $0.33
    Cell Phone
    $50
    $3.50
    SMS

    $3000

    Source: Andrew Odlyzko, Pricing and Architecture of the Internet: Historical Perspectives from Telecommunications and Transportation, p. 4 (TPRC 2004)

    Download Speeds

    Cable

    MSO
    CMS Subs
    x1000
    Comcast
    6,000
    TW Cable
    3,548
    Cox
    2,246
    Charter
    1,711
    Cablevision
    1,179
    Adelphia
    1,164
    Bright House
    675
    Mediacom
    327
    Insight
    274
    RCN
    220
    CableOne
    152
    Other
    255
    Total
    17,752
  • "over 75 million US Households can now get cable modem broadband access if they want it."  Technology Administration, Department of Commerce, Understanding Broadband Depand, A Review of Critical Issues , page 5 (Sept 23, 2002)
  • Cable facilities pass approximately 94% of the nation's homes; over half of those homes are passed by upgraded cable capable of cable modem service.  Within five years, it is estimated that 84% of all homes will be passed by upgraded cable.  FCC Second Sec. 706 Report, CC Docket No. 98-146, ¶ 187 (August 21, 200
  • NCTA Statistics and Resources
  • Cable Modem Subscribers
  • NCTA Broadband Deployment
  • Homes Passed by Cable Modem Service
  • Cable Telephony Subscribers
  • Digital Cable Subscribers
  • U.S. 3Q Cable Subs Double DSL ISP Planet 11/15/02
  • More cable broadband subscribers in US, NUA 9/4/02
  • Cable Modem Market Stats & Projections Cable Datacom News June 2001 (Broadband Internet penetration - 9.3 mil households or an 8.2 percent household penetration rate, 6.4 m cable or 70% market share, 2.9 m dsl)
  • Dial Up

    DSL

    Fiber

    Satellite

    Business

    Wifi

    Wireless

    Cost Model

     

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