|Domain Name System|
Internet Addresses |
- NTIA & Fed Activity
- Root Servers
- - .us
- - -.kids.us
- - .gov
- - .edu
- - .mil
- - .xxx
- IP Numbers
- - IPv6
- AntiCybersquatter Consumer Protection Act
- Gripe Sites
- Truth in Domain Names
Derived From: Internet Infrastructure: DHS Faces Challenges in Developing a Joint Public/Private Recovery Plan, GAO Report 06-672, p 7 (June 2006)
"The Domain Name System, ensures the uniqueness of each e-mail and Web site address. This system links names like www.senate.gov with the underlying numerical addresses that computers use to communicate with each other. It translates names into addresses and back again in a process invisible to the end user. This process relies on a system of servers, called domain name servers, which store data linking names with numbers. Each domain name server stores a limited set of names and numbers. They are linked by a series of 13 root servers, which coordinate the data and allow users to find the server that identifies the sites they want to reach. Domain name servers are organized into a hierarchy that parallels the organization of the domain names. For example, when someone wants to reach the Web site at www.senate.gov, his or her computer will ask one of the root servers for help. The root server will direct the query to a second server that knows the location of names ending in the .gov top-level domain. If the address includes a subdomain, the second server refers the query to a third server—in this case, one that knows the addresses for all names ending in senate.gov. The third server will then respond to the request with a numerical address, which the original requester uses to establish a direct connection with the www.senate.gov site. Figure 2 illustrates this example."
 This example assumes that the required domain name information is not available on the user’s local network.
 Although the Department of Commerce has authority to modify the root file containing this top-level domain information, it has delegated this authority to the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers, a nonprofit organization, and VeriSign, a private corporation.
- Number Resource Organization
- Internet Number Resource Report - March 2006
- Internet Number Resource Report, Number Resource Organization (March 2005).
- Domain Tools Domain Counts & Internet Statistics (IP County By Country)
- Historial RIR Allocations http://www.aso.icann.org/stats/index.html, http://www.iana.org/assignments/ipv4-address-space.
- Internet Number Resource Report
- Geoff Huston - BGP Table Growth
- Internet Statistics via Whois Source
- RIR Stats
- RIPE NCC (K Root) Statistics
- ISC Domain Statistics
- Zooknic Domain Name Counts; Domain Industry Analysis; Domain Name Market Map of TLDs; Internet User Maps
- Anticybersquatter Consumer Protection Act
- The Next Generation Internet Research Act (authorizing the National Research Council of the National Academy of Sciences to study the effects on trademark holders of adding new top-level domain names and requesting recommendations on inexpensive and expeditious procedures for resolving trademark disputes over the assignment of domain names)
- The Dot Kids Implementation and Efficiency Act of 2002
- Truth in Domain Names Act of 2003
- The Adam Walsh Child Protection and Safety Act of 2006
- DNS Root Name Servers Explained For Non-Experts, ISOC 4/22/2005
- Signposts in Cyberspace: the Domain Name System and Internet Navigation, CSTB 2005
- Internet report finally arrives seven years later, USA Today 4/1/2005
- U.S. completes Internet traffic report, Globe and Mail 4/1/2005
- Signposts in Cyberspace: The Domain Name System and Internet Navigation CSTB NAS 2005
- Markus Müller ,Who Owns the Internet? Ownership as a Legal Basis for American Control of the Internet, SSRN 12/7/2004
- John Morris, Alan Davidson , Policy Impact Assessments: Considering the Public Interest in Internet Standards Development, TPRC 9/13/03
- Classless Inter-Domain Routing Network Mag 11/8/02
- Paul Hoffman, "Reforming the Administration of the DNS Root," April 25, 2002.
- Donelan, Timeline of events with the Domain Name System
- CAIDA: Internet Measurement: Myths about Internet data (5 dec 01) Myth: The DNS performs Well
- Competing DNS Roots: Creative Destruction or Just Plain Destruction? Milton Mueller TPRC Fall 2001
- John S. Quarterman, The TLD Fiasco (1996).
- Cyberspace Law Institute, What's In a Name (1996).
- Cannon, NSI Implements New Internet Domain Name Policy (October 1996).
- Comments of the Domain Name Rights Coalition To the IAHC Draft Specifications for Administration and Management of gTLDs
- RFC 1034 Domain Name Concepts and Facilities. 1987
- P. Mockepetris, RFC 1035, Domain Names – Implementation and Specification, IETF (Nov. 1987).
- American Association of Domain Names
- Advisory Committee on International Communications and Information Policy: Working Group on Intellectual Property, Interoperability and Standards
- American Association of Domain Names
- Berkman Center for Internet and Society (Harvard University): ICANN Materials (including real audio archive of meetings)
- World Wide Alliance of Top Level Domain-names
- ccTLDs in chronological order of Top Level Domain creation at the Internic.
- ccTLDs and the corresponding NIC-handles in alphabetical order of names
- Council of Registrars (CORE)
- DNS: Domain Name System
- The Domain Name Rights Coalition (DNRC) seeks to obtain equitable, consistent and responsible domain name policies from the National Science Foundation (NSF) and Network Solutions, Inc. (NSI).
- The Domain Hand Book. Ellen Rony & Peter Rony
- DNS News
- Enhanced Domain Name System
- IAHC Home
- List of Accredited Registrars
- ICANN Watch
- International Organization for Standardization ISO 3166 Country Codes
- International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
- International Trademark Association (INTA)
- Internet Democracy Project
- Internet Engineering Task Force
- J. Postel, IETF RFC 1591, Domain Name System Structure and Delegation (March 1994)
- InterNIC: Internet Domain Names
- Res 102 Management of Internet Domains and Addresses
- Res 133 Role of administrations of Member States in the management of internationalized (multilingual) domain names
- SPU newslog on internationalized domain names
- SPU newslog on Internet governance
- SPU newslog on Internet names and addresses
- ITU-T & ICANN Reform
- NCAIR, Dispute Resolution Conference
- Network Solutions Incorporated
- NWFusion Research: DNS
- Rob's DNS Data Page (DNS status and statistics)
- RFC 1480, entitled The US Domain (Dr. Jon Postel established the original structure and administrative mechanisms of the usTLD)
- usTLD Administrator (Network Solutions has subcontracted administration of the usTLD to the Information Sciences Institute of the University of Southern California)
- World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)
- WIPO Ecommerce ccTLD Database
- World Internetworking Alliance (an excellent resource)
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